On March 26-28, 2019, the X Annual Conference of the Nanotechnological Society of Russia was held. The general partner of the conference was the Infrastructure and Educational Programs Foundation of RUSNANO Group.
Vladimir V. Rybalko, the Head of the Department of Nanomaterials Technology of the Russian New University (RosNOU) took part in the conference with the report “Applied Aspects of Digitalization of the Educational Process of Training Nanoindustry Specialists”.
Theses of the report "Applied Aspects of Digitalization of the Educational Process of Training Nanoindustry Specialists"
Digital technologies are being massively implemented into education, and today we already can clearly see how this powerful wave is changing the educational process [1, 2, 3]. It is believed that traditional education will increasingly be crowded with digital education, thus reducing the need for a student to be in the classroom, to communicate in person with the professors, to work in libraries to search for educational and other materials. The professor presumably transforms from the carrier of transmitted knowledge and skills into a navigator that helps to orient in the knowledge bases .
However, education is not just a transfer of knowledge, it is also a discussion, a discussion of various concepts, as well as the development of practical professional skills (competencies) that is especially important for the natural sciences training field. One of the main tools for the formation of these kinds of competencies is laboratory work. Information technologies in the Russian High School have been used for more than 15 years to create laboratory workshops of various categories. This actually traditional for us, “digitization” even led to the creation of well-established types of laboratory practical work.
At the same time, the complete replacement of laboratory works with virtual ones is not optimal, since each type of work has its advantages and disadvantages. The choice of the type of laboratory work should be carried out depending on the goal set within a particular discipline.
Based on this circumstance, Russian New University (RosNOU) develops and implements various types of laboratory workshops in the educational process. This includes virtual work, the priority of which is the study of physical phenomena using mathematical models (for example, “Study of the Temperature Dependence of the Electrical Conductivity of Carbon Nanotubes” and others), and workshops designed to enable students to gain practical skills in high-tech analytical and technological equipment. An example of such a development is the simulator of the IR Fourier spectrometer. The set of skills mastered on the simulator includes both the preparation of samples for research, and the conduct of the research itself, followed by analysis and interpretation of the results obtained.
The report outlined, developed in RosNOU, the approach to the formation of a laboratory workshop for natural science disciplines, as well as the results of the University's work on the creation and implementation of new teaching tools and educational technologies in the educational process.
1. Pronin, E. A., Trends in the Development of Education in the Digital Age.
2. Order of the Government of the Russian Federation of July 28, 2017 No. 1632-p “Digital Economy of the Russian Federation”
3. Meleshko V., The Main Trend of Russian Education is Digitalization.
4. Tulchinsky G. L., The Digital Transformation of Education: Challenges to Higher School. Philosophical sciences. 2017. No. 6. P. 121-136.